PENGARUH INOKULASI RHIZOBIUM TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN TANAMAN KEDELAI (Glycine max L) VARIETAS WILIS DI RUMAH KACA

Sri Purwaningsih
| Abstract views: 5629 | PDF views: 8471

Abstract

Effect of Rhizobium inoculation on the growth of Glycine max L. Wilis variety was endicated based on green house experiment.The aim of the experiment was to asses the potency of the Rhizobium strain to inccrease the growth of Glycine max L.Strains of : 1 WG, 1 WS, 1 P, 16 GH, 1 LS, 1 BK, 1 KT, 1 BR, and 11 WY were used in this research. Controls treatment were uninoculated with Rhizobium strain -1 and without urea fertilizer (K1) and uninoculated and with urea fertilizer equal 100 kg ha (K2). The research design was Completely Randomized Design with three replications for each
treatment.Experiment plants were harvested after 50 days.Parameters of investigation were the dry weight of canopy, roots, nodules root, total plants, number of nodules, and “Symbiotic Capacity”.Results of this studies showed all of the Rhizobium inoculants able to form nodule. Strain 1 KT (isolate of soil from Kalampangan, Palangkaraya,Central Kalimantan) has given the best results on the growth of Glycine max L.

Keywords

Glycine max L, Rhizobium strain, growth.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Adisarwanto. 2000. Soybean production and post-harvest tehnologi di Indonesia. Proceeding of RILET-JIRCAS Workshop on Soybean Research, September 28, 2000 Malang Indonesia. JIRCAS Working Report.24, 13-24.

Alexander M. 1977. Soil Microbiology, 472. 2 nd ed. John Wiley and Sons. Inc, New York. Allen ON and EK Allen. 1981. The Leguminosae, 812. The University of Winconsin. Press. Madison.

Anonim. 2013. Pedoman Tehnis Pengelolaan Produksi Kedelai. Direktorat Jendral Tanaman Pangan. Kementrian Pertanian. Arimuti. 2009. Karakterisasi Rhizobia Indigenous Edamame Sebagai Kandidat Pupuk Hayati. Jurnal Ilmu Dasar 10, 30-37

Armiadi. 2009. Penambatan Nitrogen Secara Biologis pada Tanaman Leguminosa. Wartazoa 19(1), 23-30.

Brockwell J, FW Hely and CA Neal-Smith. 1965. Some Symbiotic as effective field nodulation of Lobus hipidus. Australian. Journal. Experimental. Agriculture. Anim. Husba. 6(23), 365-370.

Bertham YH. 2002a. Ketergantungan terhadap MVA dan serapan hara fosfor tiga galur tanaman kedelai (Glycine max L) pada tanah ultisol Bengkulu. JIPI 4(1), 49-55

Bertham YH dan E Inoriah. 2009. Dampak Inokulasi ganda Cendawan Mikoriza Arbuskula dan Rhizobium Indegenous pada Tiga genotipe Kedelai di Tanah Ultisol. Akta Agrosia 12(2), 155-166.

Cheng. 2008. Perspectives in biological nitrogen fixing research. Jurnal of Integrative Plant Biologi. 50, 784-796.

Demezas DH and PJ Bottomley. 1986. Antecology in rhizosphere and nodulating behavior of indigenous Rhizobium trifolii. Applied and Enviromental Microbiology 52(4-6), 1014-1019.

Frederick LR. 1975. Soybean inoculation. In: Expanding the Use of soybean. RM Goodman (ed). Intern. Agr. Pub. Collage of Agriculture Univesity of illinois. Univ. Press. Urbana campaign.

Freire. JRJ. 1977. Inoculation of Soybean. In: Exploiting the legume Rhizobium symbiosis in tropical agriculture. JM Vincent AS. Whitney and J. Bose (Eds). Coll. Trop. Agric. Misc. Publ. 145, 335-379 Depart. Agron. Soil. Sci. Univ. Hawaii.

Gibson AH. 1981. Current Perpectives in nitrogen fixstion. Proceedings of the Fourth International symposium on Nitrogen Fixation. Aust. Academy of Science. Camberra. Australia. 1 – 5 December 1980. FA Skinner, Robert. M, Boddey, Fendrik (Eds) 534.

Mulyadi, 2012. Pengaruh Pemberian Legin, pupuk NPK (15:15:15) dan urea pada tanah gambut terhadap kandungan N, P total pupuk dan bintil akar kedelai (Glycime max (L) Merr. Kaunia 8, 21-29.

Novriani. 2011. Peranan Rhizobium dalam Meningkatkan Ketersediaan Nitrogen bagi Tanaman Kedelai. Agronobis 3(2), 35-42.

Nurhayati. 2011. Pengaruh Jenis Amelioran Terhadap Efektivitas dan Inefektivitas Mikroba Pada Tanah Gambut Dengan Kedelai Sebagai Tanaman Indikator. Agronobis 3(5), 35-42.

Pasaribu, D Sunarlim, N Fathan, M Sudjadi, M Hartono dan L Sumarsono. 1983. Maksimalisasi Hasil Kedelai di Wonosari, Yogyakarta. Identifikasi Komponen dan Paket Tehnologi Kacang-Kacangan pada Lahan Tegalan. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pangan, Bogor

Pasaribu D, N Sunarlim, M Fathan, M Sudjadi, Hartono dan L Sumarsono. 1988. Maksimalisasi Hasil Kedelai di Wonosari-Yogyakarta. Identifikasi Komponen dan Paket Tehnologi Kacang-Kacangan pada Lahan Tegalan. Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan.

Prayitno J, JJ Weinman, MA Djordjevic dan BG Rolfe. 2000. Pemanfaatan Protein Pendar Hijau (Green Fluorescent Protein) Untuk Mempelajari Kolonisasi Bakteri Rhizobium. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Biologi XVI. Kampus ITB, 26-27 Juli 2000. Darmadi Gunarso, Devi Nandita, Tjandra Anggraeni, Undang A. Dasuki, Poniah A.H.B, Nuryani Rustaman, Ramadhani Eka Putra, Sofiyan Hadi, Ruliyana Susanti, Tika Dewi Atikah, Krisna Septiningrum (Penyunting), 272-377. Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia.

Purwaningsih O, Indradewa D, Kabirun S dan D Shiddiq. 2012. Tanggapan Tanaman Kedelai terhadap Inokulasi Rhizobium. Agrotop 2(1), 25-32.

Richard JD, JG Louis and Henry. 1984. Soybeans Crop Production, 252-259. 5 th Edition. Practice Hall. Inc. Engelwood Cliffs. New Yersey.

Saono S, H Karsono and D Suseno. 1976. Studies on the effect of different rhizobial strains on Phaseous lunatus in sand culture. Annales Bogoriense 6(2), 143-154.

Simarmata T. 1995. Strategi Pemanfaatan Mikroba Tanah (Pupuk biologi) dssm Era Biotehnologi untuk Meningkatkan Produktivitas Lahan Marginal di Indonesia Menuju Pertanian Berwawasan Lingkungan. Fakultas Pertanian UNPAD, Bandung.

Singleton PW and YW Taveres. 1986. Inoculation response of legumes in relation to the number and effectivenesss of indigenous Rhizobium population. Applied and Environental Microbiology 51(6), 1013-1018.

Stowers MD and GH Elkan. 1980. Criteria for selecting infective and efficient strains of Rhizobium for use in tropical agriculture, 264. North Caroline. Technology. Bulletin.

Suharjo UKJ. 2001. Efektivitas nodulasi Rhizobium japonicum pada kedelai yang tumbuh di tanah sisa inokulasi dan tanah dengan inokulasi tambahan. Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia 3(1), 31-35.

Sumarno dan Harnoto. 1983. Kedelai dan Cara bercocok Tanamnya. Pusat Penelitian dan pengembangan Tanaman pangan. Buletin Tehnik 6, 63.

Sumarno. 1999. Strategi pengembangan produksi kedelai nasional mendukung Gema Paagung. 2001. Dalam: Strategi Pengembangan Kedelai Nasional. N. Sunarlim, D. Pasaribu dan Sunihardi (Eds), 62. Puslitbangtan.

Supardi G. 1983. Sifat dan Ciri Tanah, 85. Terjemahan The Nature and Properties of Soils (Buckman. HO and N Brady, 960). The Mc. Millian Co. New York, IPB,Bogor.

Surtiningsih T, Farida dan T Nurhayati. 2009. Biofertilisasi Bakteri Rhizobium pada Tanaman Kedelai (Glycine max (L) Merr). Berkala Penelitian Hayati 15, 31-35.

Sutanto. 2002. Penerapan Pertanian Organik: Pemasyarakatan dan Pengembangannya, 219. Yogyakarta. Kanisius. Usman R. 1983. Penelitian mengenai isolasi, media pembiakan serta metode pengelompokan spesies Rhizobium, 360. Universitas padjadjaran, Bandung [Disertasi].

Vest G, DH Weber and C Sloger. 1973. Noduation and nitrigen fixation. In: Soybeans, Inprovement production and Uses. B;E. Cadwell (ed). 353-390. Inc. Madison. Wisconsin, USA.

Vincent JM. 1982. A Manual of the Practical study of the root Nodule Bacteria 15, 164. International Biological Programme, London. Handbook.

Yutono. 1985. Inokulasi Rhizobium pada kedelai. Dalam: Kedelai, 217-230. Badan penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, Bogor.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.