Gaharu Alam, Jaringan Perdagangan, dan Gaharu Budidaya: Studi Kasus Kalimantan Timur

Herman Hidayat, Robert Siburian, Citra Indah Yuliana
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Study of natural agarwood products, agarwood trading network from village into province and cultivation of
Agarwood by local community was carried out in July 2018 in East Kalimantan province. The findings of field
work showed that agarwood is one commodity of non-timber products has high economic value which
including of Appendix II CITES. Trading of agarwood is one of primary incomes for agarwood traders in
province level, district, agarwood collector in sub-districts and seekers of agarwood from NTB (Nusa Tenggara
Barat) migrant workers, Java and Bugise tribe. Besides, from viewpoint of tax incomes for government is
relatively high. In 2010 the natural agarwood derived from natural forest was lack of outcomes due to forest
products area was made forest conversion for estate plantation (palm oil), forestry sector (HPH/HTI) and
mining sector. From this point, the shortage of natural agarwood from forest should be shifted by cultivation of
agarwood carried out by group of farmer association as solution. As a result, the role of local government for
instance Forestry Agency in province Level, Bappeda (Planning Agency in Province Level), Governor, and
Local Parliament in Province Level should officially adopted that Agarwood commodity one of among
commodities to enter in RPJMD (Leading Commodity Planning for Province) for 2020-2025. The methodology
of research is applied for “political ecology” which emphasized actors movement (the role of local government,
academics, NGOs, local people), participation observation, FGD (Forum Group Discussion) for active parties,
and interview of informant.
Key words: Forestry Agency in Province level, Trading agarwood network, natural agarwood, agarwood
cultivation, Farmers association of agarwood, local farmers.

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