| Abstract views: 1212 | PDF views: 865


Kerangas (heath) forest, that forms islands within the lowland dipterocarp forest, occurred at Sebulu, East Kalimantan. Part of the two of the islands and the transition area between them were investigated. Phytosociologically three communities could be identified, i.e. the Cratoxylum glaucum-Dactylocladus stenostachys, Eugenia palembanica-Ilex hypoglauca, and Shorea ovalis-Eugenia acuminatissima communities. They occurred on sandstone flat, sandstone slope and swampy depression respectively. Only Cratoxylum glaucum-Dactylocladus stenostachys community can be considered kerangas forest proper, whereas the Eugenia palembanica-Ilex hypoglauca community the transition and the Shorea ovalis-Eugenia acuminatissima community a variant of the lowland dipterocarp forest. The soils under these communities were peaty, very acid and low in nutrient contents. The economic value of kerangas forest in terms of timber is very low, hence, it would be better to preserve all kerangas forest as conservation areas and utilize them for research, educational and recreational purposes.



Full Text:



AsHTON, P.S. (1974). The plants and vegetation of Bako National Park. In Malay. Nat. J. 24: 151-162.

BECCARI, 0. (1904). Wanderings in the great forests of Borneo. London.

BROWNE, P.G. (1952). The kerangas land of Sarawak. In Malay. For 15: 61-73.

BRUNIG, E.F. (1965). A guide and introduction to the vegetation of the kerangas forests and the padangs on the Bako National Park. In Symposium on ecological research in humid tropics vegetation, Kuching, Sarawak, 1963. UNESCO, South East Asia Science Cooperation Office, p. 289 - 318.

BRUNIG, E.F. (1968). Some observations on the status of heath forests in Sarawak and Brunei. In Proceedings of the Symposium on recent advances in tropical ecology. Varanasi. Vol. 2, p. 451 - 457.

BRUNIG, E.F. (1969a). Forestry on tropical podzols and related soils. In Trop. Ecol. 10: 45-58.

BRUNIG, E.F. (1969b). On the seasonality of drought in the lowlands of Sarawak (Borneo). In Erdkunde 23: 127 - 133'.

BRUNIG, E.F. (1970). Stand structure, physiognomy and environmental factors in some lowland forests in Sarawak. In Trop. Ecol. 11: 26-43.

BRUNIG, E.F. (1971). On the ecological significance of drought in the equatorial wet evergreen (rain) forests of Sarawak (Borneo). In J.R. Flenley (ed.): The water relations of Malesian forests. Department of Geography, University of Hull.

CURTIS, J.T. & COTTAM, G. (1962). Plant ecology workbook. Minneapolis.

DILMY, A. (1965). Ecological data from the Sampit area (Central Kalimantan). In Symposium on ecological research in humid tropics vegetation. Kuching, Sarawak. UNESCO, South East Asia Science Cooperation Office, p. 217 - 224.

ENDERT, F.H. (1927). Midden-Oost Borneo expeditie, 1925. p. 232-233.

GILLILAND, H.B. (1959). An evocative habitat. In Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinb. 38: 56-63.

GILLILAND, H.B. (1960). A coniferous forest in Borneo. In Malay. For. 23: 217-221.

HARDON, H.J. (1937). Padang soils and example of podzol in the tropical lowlands. In Verhand. Ned. Akad. Wet. Amsterdam 40: 530-538.

HENDERSON, M.R. (1932). The "padang" flora of Jemaja in the Anambas Islands, N.E.I. In Gardens Bull. Str. Settl. 5: .234 - 240.

KARTAWINATA, K. (1975a). Geographic and climatic analysis of the nature reserve system in Indonesia. In Biolndonesia 1: 9-15.

KARTAWINATA, K. (1975b). The exploitation of natural forests and natttral area development. In Biolndonesia 1: 17-23.

KARTAWINATA, K. (1976). Hutan kerangas di Indonesia. In R.S. Suparto (ed.): Bunga rampai sains kehutanan. Publikasi khusus, Fakultas Kehutanan, I.P.B. dalam rangka Home Coming Day III/1976, p. 8-23.

KNIGHT, D.H. (1975). A phytosociological analysis of species-rich tropical forest on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. In Ecol. Monogr. 45: 259-284.

MITCHEIX, B.A. (1963). Forestry and tanah beris. In Malay. For. 26: 160-170.

MOHR, E.C.J. & VAN BAREN, F.A. (1660). Tropical soils. Brussels.

POLAK, B. (1933). Een tocht in het zandsteengebiet bij Mandor. In Trop. Natuur 2: 23 - 28.

POSTHUMUS, O. (1937). Some remarks on the vegetation of the sandy soil of the Padang Loewai (E. Koetei, E. Borneo). In Verhand. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wet. Amsterdam 40: 505-512.

POSTHUMUS, O. & WITKAMP, H. (1932). Padang Loewai. In Ned.-Indie Ver. Natuurbesch.,Verslag 1929-1931, p. 78-82.

RICHARDS, P.W. (1936). Ecological observations on the rainforest of Mount Dulit, Sarawak. I, II. In J. Ecol. 24: 1-37, 340-360.

RICHARDS. P.W. (1965). Soil conditions in some Bornean lowland plant communities. In Symposium on ecological research in humid tropics vegetation. Kuching, Sarawak. UNESCO, South East Asia Science Cooperation Office, p. 198 - 205.

SCHMIDT, F.H. & FERGUSON, J.H.A. (1951). Rainfall types based on wet and dry period ratios for Indonesia with Western New Guinea. Kementerian Perhubungan, Jawatan Meteorologi dan Geofisika, Verhandelingen No. 42.

STEBNIS, C.G.G.J. VAN (1932). Botanical results of a trip to the Anambas and Natoena Islands. In Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 12: 152-211.

SUTISNA, M. (1976). Ekspedisi anggrek Kersik Luwai dan tempat-tempat lain di Kalimantan Timur. In Frontir 5: 19-25.

TEYSMANN, J.E. (1'876). Bekort verslag eener dienstreis naar Biliton, de Karimata eilanden en Landak ter Westkust van Borneo. In Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned. Indie 36: 210-295.

TINAL, UK & PALINEWEN^ J. (1974). A study of mechanical logging damage after selective cutting in the lowland Dipterocarp forest of Beloro, East Kalimantan. BIOTROP/TFRS/74/11.

WHITMORE, T.C. (1975). Tropical rain forest of the Far East. Oxford.

WlNKLEK, H. (1914). Die Pflanzendecke Sud-Ost Borneo. Beitrage zur Kentnnis der Flora und Pflanzengeographie von Borneo, IV. In Bot. Jahrb. 25: 188-208.

WlRAKUSUMAH, R.S. (1973). Beberapa pemikiran dalam konversi hutan Pulau Nunukan. LAPAN Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Laporan No. 018.

Copyright (c) 2015 Research Center for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)


  • There are currently no refbacks.