Agus Nurrofik, Adityas Arifianto, Afina Aninnas, Kelik Suparno, Agung S. Kurnianto, Luhur Septiadi, Nia Kurniawan
| Abstract views: 1069 | PDF views: 594


We found an active nest of endangered Brown-cheeked Bulbul (Alophoixus bres) with two chicks in nest-adoption program at Jatimulyo village, Yogyakarta province, Indonesia on 19 December 2021. It was placed on the lateral branch of apus bamboo (Gigantochloa apus) 1.5 m high. The nest was cup-shaped, with outer diameter of ± 8 cm, inner diameter of ± 6 cm, and depth of ± 3 cm. It was made of living non-vascular plants and plant fragments. Our observation revealed that the food of the chicks was primarily comprised of insects (in the morning) and fruits (at midday). The insect preys include caterpillars, Lepidoptera, Coleoptera, Orthoptera and Diptera. The fruits were mangir, lempeni, and senggani.


Brown-cheeked Bulbul, conservation, endangered species, nest adoption program

Full Text:



Alan, R. R., S. R. McWilliam & K. J. McGraw. 2013. The importance of antioxidants for Avian fruit selection during autumn migration. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 125(3): 513–525.

[ABI] Atlas Burung Indonesia. 2020. Atlas Burung Indonesia: Wujud Karya Peneliti Amatir dalam Memetakan Burung Nusantara. Yayasan Atlas Burung Indonesia, Batu, Indonesia.

[BTNAP] Balai Taman Nasional Alas Purwo. 2012. DaftarJenis Burung di Taman Nasional Alas Purwo. Alas Purwo National Park, Banyuwangi, Indonesia.

BirdLife International. 2020. Alophoixus bres. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T103821243A182418500. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK.

BirdLife International. 2022. Species factsheet: Alophoixus bres. BirdLife International. Cambridge, UK.

del Hoyo, J., L. Fishpool, N. Collar, J. Tobias, G. M. Kirwan & P. F. D. Boesman. 2021. Brown-cheeked Bulbul (Alophoixus bres). In: Birds of the World. Version 1.0. B.K. Keeney (ed.). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY.

Iskandar, B. S., J. Iskandar & R. Partasasmita. 2019. Hobby and business on trading birds: Case study in bird market of Sukahaji, Bandung, West Java and Splendid, Malang, East Java (Indonesia). Biodiversitas 20(5): 1316–1332.

Kurnianto, A. S., P. Firmansyah, A. Aulia & R. Narjianto. 2013. Sayap-sayap Meru Betiri, Balai Taman Nasional Meru Betiri, Jember, Indonesia.

Lee, J. G. H., S. C. L. Chng & J. A. Eaton. 2016. Conservation Strategy for Southeast Asian Songbirds in Trade. Singapore Wildlife Reserves, Singapore.

Li, H., M. X. Zhang, X. J. Yang, L. W. Cui & R. C. Quan. 2015. The breeding biology of Red-Whiskered Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus) in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China. Zoological Research 36(4): 23–240.

MacKinnon, J., K. Phillips & B. V. Balen. 2010. Burung-Burung di Sumatera, Kalimantan, Jawa dan Bali. Burung Indonesia, Bogor, Indonesia.

Martin, T., B. Tobalske, M. M. Riordan, S. B. Case & K. P. Dial. 2018. Age and performance at fledging are a cause and consequence of juvenile mortality between life stages. Science Advances 4(6): 1–9.

Pierce, A. J., K. Tokue, K. Pobrasert & P. D. Round. 2004. Observations on the breeding of the Puff-throated Bulbul Alophoixus pallidus in north-east Thailand. Forktail 20: 101–102.

Price, J. J. & S. S. Griffith. 2017. Open cup nests evolved from roofed nests in early Passerines. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 284: 1–8.

Purnomo, H., A. Irwanto, B. Suseno, D. N. A. Fajar, R. Hindriatna, Setyadi, E. Kurnia, Ardiyanto & T. Pambudi. 2019. Keanekaragaman jenis burung di Cagar Alam Sempu. Balai Besar KSDA Jawa Timur, Sidoarjo, Indonesia.

Taufiqurrahman, I., S. Harjanto & K. Suparno. 2020. Birds and coffee: Community-led conservation in Jatimulyo village, Yogyakarta, Java, Indonesia. BirdingAsia 32: 108–111.

Winnasis, S., S. Sutadi, A. Toha, & R. Noske. 2011. Birds of Baluran National Park. Baluran National Park, Situbondo, Indonesia.

Yuniatmoko, I. & E. Nurcahyadi. 2015. Mengenal Jenis Burung Taman Nasional Gunung Merapi. Balai Taman Nasional Gunung Merapi, Sleman, Indonesia.

Copyright (c) 2023 Agus Nurrofik


  • There are currently no refbacks.