Fuminori ITO, Seiki Yamane, Katsuguchi Eguchi, Woro A. Noerdjito, Erniwati Erniwati, Sih Kahono
| Abstract views: 152 | PDF views: 90


The ant species diversity in tropical Asia has been investigated in several locations, however, these studies mainly focused on well preserved forests or plantations. The ant fauna in urban parks has only been investigated in a limited number of locations in Singapore, Hong Kong, Macao, and Indonesia. We investigated the ant fauna in the Purwodadi Botanical Gardens, East Java, and compared it to the ant fauna obtained in the Bogor Botanical Gardens. In the Purwodadi Botanical Gardens, we employed the following sampling methods that were also carried out in Bogor: (1) visual searching of ants on tree trunks, (2) visual searching of litter and top-soil ants by hand sifting (3) visual searching of ant colonies, (4) visual searching of foraging workers. In total, 109 species in 44 genera from 9 subfamilies were collected. The number of species collected from litter and soil in Purwodadi was remarkably smaller than that in Bogor, while the ant species diversity on tree trunks was similar to that of Bogor. Of the109 species, 68 were common to Bogor. Arboreal ants were more similar than ground ants between Bogor and Purwodadi.


ants, diversity, fauna, Indonesia

Full Text:



Brassard, F., Leong, C.M., Chan, H.H. & Guenard B. 2021. High diversity in urban areas: how comprehensive sampling reveals high ant species richness within one of the most urbanized regions of the world. Diversity, 13, 358. DOI: 10.3390/d13080358

Brühl, C.A., Gunsalam, G. & Linsenmair, K.E. 1998. Stratification of ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in a primary rain forest in Sabah, Borneo. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 14: 285–297. DOI: 10.1017/S0266467498000224

Chung, A.Y.C. & Maryati, M. 1996. A comparative study of the ant fauna in a primary and secondary forest in Sabah, Malaysia. In Edwards, D.S., Booth, W.E. & Choy, S.C. (eds.) Tropical Rainforest Research - Current Issues, pp. 357–366. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dodrecht, Netherlands.

Colwell, R.K. 2009. EstimateS: Statistical estimation of species richness and shared species from samples. Version 8.2.

Eguchi, K. 2001. A revision of the Bornean species of the ant genus Pheidole (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Tropics Monogrph Series, 2: 1–154. DOI: 10.3759/tropics.MonographNo.2_1

Eguchi, K. 2008. A revision of northern Vietnamese species of the ant genus Pheidole. Zootaxa, 1902: 1–118. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.1902.1.1

Eguchi, K., Bui, T.V., Yamane, Sk., Okido, H. & Ogata, K. 2005. Ant fauna of Ba Vi and Tam Dao, N. Vietnam (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Kyushu University, 27: 77–98. DOI: 10.11189/bita.27.77

General, D.E.M., Buenavente, P.A.C. & Peeters, C. 2021. The twists and turns of biological research: first record of an ergatoid queen in the ant genus Pheidole Westwood, 1839, and implications for dispersal and life history. Asian Myrmecology, 13: e013002, 1–10. DOI: 10.20362/am.013002

Heinze, J. & Hölldobler, B. 1993. Queen polymorphism in an Australian weaver ant, Polyrhachis cf. doddi. Psyche, 100: 83–92.

Herwina, H. & Nakamura, K. 2007. Ant species diversity study using pitfall traps in a small yard in Bogor Botanic Garden, West Java, Indonesia. Treubia, 35: 99–116. DOI: 10.14203/treubia.v35i0.106

Hood, W.G. & Tschinkel, W.R. 1990. Desiccation resistance in arboreal and terrestrial ants. Physiological Entomology, 15: 23–35. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3032.1990.tb00489.x

Ito, F. 2013. Evaluation of the benefits of a myrmecophilous oribatid mite, Aribates javensis, to a myrmicine ant, Myrmecina sp. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 61: 79–85. DOI: 10.1007/s10493-013-9678-6

Ito, F. 2016. Nesting and reproductive biology of Platythyre sp. (parallera-group) in the Bogor Botanic Gardens, West Java, Indonesia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Asian Myrmecology, 8:111–117. DOI: 10.20362/am.008013

Ito, F., Yamane, Sk., Eguchi, K., Noerdjito, W.A., Sih Kahono, Tsuji, K., Ohkawara, K., Yamauchi, K., Nishida, T. & Nakamura, K. 2001. Ant species diversity in the Bogor Botanic Garden, West Java, Indonesia, with description of two new species of the genus Leptanilla (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Tropics, 10: 379–404. DOI: 10.3759/tropics.10.379

Ito, F. & Yamane, Sk. 2014. Reproduction by ergatoid queens in the myrmicine ant Monomorium brocha (Bolton) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in West Java, Indonesia, with the descrption of a male. Asian Myrmecology, 6:105–113. DOI: 10.20362/am.006009

Ito, F. & Yamane, Sk. 2020. Behavior of the queen of Leptanilla clypeata Yamane et Ito collected in the Bogor Botanical Gardens, West Java, Indonesia (Hymenoptera; Formicidae), with a note on colony composition and a description of the ergatoid queen. Asian Myrmecology, 12: e012004 (1–7). DOI: 10.20362/am.012004

Lenoir, A. & Dejean, A. 1994. Semi-claustral colony foundation in the formicine ants of the genus Polyrhachis. Insectes Sociaux, 41: 225–234. DOI:10.1007/BF01242293

Malsch, A.K.F., Rosciszewski, K. & Maschwitz, U. 2003. The ant species richness and diversity of a primary lowland rain forest, the Pasoh forest reserve, West-Malaysia. In: Okuda T. et al. (eds.) Pasoh: ecology of a lowland rain forest in Southeast Asia. Springer, Tokyo. 347–373.

Noerdjito, W.A. & Nakamura, K. 1999. Population dynamics of two species of tortoise beetles, Aspidomorpha miliaris and A. sanctaecrucis (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae) in East Java, Indonesia. 1. Seasonal changes in population size and longevity of adult beetles. Tropics, 8: 409–425. DOI: 10.3759/tropics.10.463

Passera, L. 1994. Characteristics of tramp species, In: Williams DF. (ed.) Exotic ants: biology, impact and control of introduced species. Westview Press, Boulder. 23–43.

Peeters, C. & Ito, F. 2001. Colony dispersal and the evolution of queen morphology in Hymenoptera. Annual Review of Entomology, 46:601–630. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.ento.46.1.601

Qian, H. 2009a. Global comparisons of beta diversity among mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians across spatial scales and taxonomic ranks. Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 47: 509–514. DOI: 10.1111/j.1759-6831.2009.00043.x

Qian, H. 2009b. Beta diversity in relation to dispersal ability for vascular plants in North America. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 18:273–391. DOI: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2009.00450.x

R Core Team. 2022. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R. Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.

Rissing, S.W., Johnson, R.A. & Martin, J.W. 2000. Colony founding behavior of some desert ants: geographic variation in metrosis. Psyche, 103: 95–101. DOI: 10.1155/2000/20135

Rizali, A., Bos, M.M., Buchori, D., Yamane, Sk. & Schulze, C.H. 2008. Ants in tropical urban habitats: the myrmecofauna in a densely populated area of Bogor, West Java, Indonesia. Hayati J. Biosciences, 15:77–84. DOI: 10.4308/hjb.15.2.77

Rizali, A., Rahim, A., Sahari, B., Prasetyo, L.B. & Buchori, D. 2011. Impact of invasive ant species in shaping ant community structure on small islands in Indonesia. Jurnal Biologi Indonesia, 7: 221–230.

Robson, S. & Kohout, R. 2007. A review of nesting habits and socioecology of the ant genus Polyrhachis Smith. Asian Myrmecolog,y 1: 81–99. DOI: 10.20362/am.001008

Sarnat, E.M., Fischer, G., Guenard, B. & Economo, E.P. 2015. Introduced Pheidole of the world: taxonomy, biology and distribution. Zookeys, 2015; (543) 1–109. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.543.6050

Sasaki, K., Satoh, T. & Obara, Y. 1996. Cooperative foundation of colonies by unrelated foundresses in the ant Polyrhachis moesta. Insectes Sociaux, 43: 217–226. DOI: 10.1007/BF01242573

Ward, P.S. 2014. The phylogeny and evolution of ants. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 445: 23–43. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-120213-091824

Watansait, S., Saewai, J. & Phlapplueng, A. 2007. Ants of the Klong U-Tapao Basin, Southern Thailand. Asian Myrmecology, 1:69–79. DOI: 10.20362/am.001007

Yamane, Sk., Itino, T. & Abdul Rahman Nona, A.R.. 1996. Ground ant fauna in a Bornean dipterocarp forest. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 44: 253–262.

Yamane, Sk., Bui, T.V., Ogata, K., Okido, H. & Eguchi, K. 2002. Ant fauna of Cuc Phuong National Park, North Vietnam (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Kyushu University, 25: 51–62. DOI: 10.11189/bita.25.51

Yamane, Sk., Tanaka, H.O., Hashimoto, Y., Ohashi, M. & Itioka, T. 2018. A list of ants from Lambir Hills National Park and its vicinity, with their biological information: Part I. Myrmicinae and Pseudomyrmecinae. Contributions from the Biological Laboratory, Kyoto University, 30: 173–235.

Yamane, Sk., Tanaka, H.O., Hashimoto, Y., Ohashi, M., Meleng, P. & Itioka, T. 2021. A list of ants from Lambir Hills National Park and its vicinity, with their biological information: Part II. Subfamilies Leptanillinae, Proceratiinae, Amblyoponinae, Ponerinae, Dorylinae, Dolichoderinae, Ectatomminae and Formicinae. Contributions from the Biological Laboratory Kyoto University, 31: 87–157.

Yamauchi, K., Ito, Y., Kinomura, K. & Takamine, H. 1987. Polycalic colonies of the weaver ant Polyrhachis dives. Kontyu, 53: 410–420.

Copyright (c) 2024 Fuminori ITO


  • There are currently no refbacks.