COMPARISON OF ZOOGEOGRAPHY AMONG RATS, FRUIT BATS AND INSECTIVOROUS BATS ON INDONESIAN ISLANDS

Ibnu Maryanto, Seigo Higashi
| Abstract views: 773 | PDF views: 685

Abstract

The species number of rat, fruit bat, and insectivorous bat was signifi-cantly correlated with island size when five major islands of Irian, Borneo, Su-matra, Sulawesi and Java were included in the analysis, and the z area values were 0.22; 0.19 and, 0.26, respectively. When these islands were excluded, the correlation between species richness and island size was significant in fruit bats and insectivorous bats (R2=0.31, P<0.01) but not in rats. Z value declined to 0.07 in rats, 0.14 in fruit bats and 0.19 in insectivorous bats. Zoogeographic bounda-ries are shown. Wallace’s Line seems to be a zoogeographic boundary for all of three mammal groups; Bali and Lombok Islands belong to the cluster of Lesser Sunda in rats but not to the cluster of Greater Sunda in bats. Although Weber’s Line also seems to be a zoogeographic boundary for all of the three mammal groups, an effective boundary lies between Sulawesi and Maluku in rats and in-sectivorous bats but not between northern Maluku and Irian in fruit bats. The fauna of fruit bats in Southern Maluku is more similar to those of Irian. Lydek-ker’s line seems to be a boundary for only rats, though Biak, Owi and Yapen Islands belong to the cluster of Maluku. In addition to those boundaries, Cluster analyses revealed another boundary for rats between Sumatra and western Su-matra islands (Mentawai Islands) and between Lesser Sunda and Sulawesi to Southern Maluku for fruit and insectivorous bats.

Keywords

zoogeography, bats, rats, Indonesia

Full Text:

PDF

References

Anon, 1980. Saving Siberut: A conservation Master plan .WWF. (10.2.1).

Audley-Charles, M.G., 1981. Geological history of the region of Wallace’s line. Wallace’s line and Plate Tectonics (Whitmore ed) pp. 25-36. Clarendon Press. Oxford.

Audley-Charles, M.G., 1987. Dispersal of Gondwanaland: relevance to the evo-lution of the Malay Archipelago. Biogeographical Evolution of The Ma-lay Archipelago (Whitmore ed). Claredon Press, Oxford. pp 5-25.

Azlan, M.J., I. Maryanto, A.P. Kartono & M.T. Abdullah, 2003. Diversity, rela-tive abundance and conservation of chiroptreran in Kayan Mentarang Na-tional Park, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. The Sarawak Museum Journal 58 . 251-265.

Bakosurtanal, 1992. Peta lingkungan laut nasional.

Bergmans, W., 2001. Notes on distribution and taxonomy of Australasian bats I. Pteropodinae and Nyctimeninae (Mammalia, Megachiroptera, Pteropodi-dae). Beaufortia 51: 119-152.

Boer, de, A.J & J.P. Duffels, 1996. Historical biogeography of the cicadas of Wallace, New Guinea and the West Pacific: a Geotectonic explanation. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 124: 153-177.Ltd

Brown, J.H & M.V. Lomolino, 2000. Concluding remarks: historical perspective and the future of island biogeography theory. Global Ecology & Biogeog-raphy 9: 87–92.

Bunnet, C., N. Duhig, R. Berry, & R. Varne, 1991. Asian and South-western Pacific continental terranes derived from Gondwana, and their bio-geographic significance. Australian Systematic Botany 4: 13-24.

Corbet, G.B. & J.E. Hill, 1992. The Mammals of the Indomalayan region: A systematic review. Natural History Museum Publications, Oxford Univer-sity Press, Oxford. 488 pp.

Carvajal, A. & G.H. Adler, 2005. Biogeography of mammals on tropical Pacific islands. Journal of Biogeography 32: 1561-1569.

Carletton, M.D. & G.G. Musser, 1984. Murid rodents. In . S. Anderson and J.K. Jones (eds), Orders and Families of Recent Mammals of The World. pp 289-379. New York. Wiley.

Flannery, T., 1995a. Mammals of New Guinea (Revised updated edition ). Aus-tralian Museum/Red Books, Sydney. 439 pp.

Flannery, T., 1995b. Mammals of The South-West Pacific and Moluccan Island. Australian Museum/Red Books, Sydney. 464 pp

George, W., 1981. Wallace and his Line. Wallace’s line and Plate Tectonics (Whitmore ed) 3-8. Clarendon Press. Oxford.

Hall, R., 2002. Cenozoic geological and plate tectonic evolution of SEAsia and W Pacific: computer-based reconstructions, moel and animations. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 20: 353-431.

Heaney, L.R., 1991. A synopsis of climatic and vegetational change in Southeast Asia. Climatic Change 19:53-61.

Heaney, L.R., 2000. Dynamic disequilibrium: a long-term, large-scale perspec-tive on the equilibrium model of island biogeography. Global Ecology & Biogeography 9:59–74.

Heaney, L.R., J.S. Walsh Jr., & T. Peterson, 2005. The roles of geological his-tory and colonization abilities in genetic differention between mammalian populations in the Philippine archipelago. Journal of Biogeographical 32: 229-247.

Helgen, K.M., 2005. A new species of murid rodent (Genus Mayermys)from south-eatern New Guinea. Mamalian Biology 70:61-67.

Holoway, J.D., 1987. Lepidoptera Patterns Involving Sulawesi: What do They Indicate of Past Geography? Biogeographical Evolution of The Malay Archipelago (Whitmore, ed) pp 50-59, Clarendon Press, Oxford.

How, R.A & D.J. Kitchener, 1997. Biogegraphy of Indonesian snakes. Journal of Biogeography 24: 725-735.

Johnson, K.P., F.R. Adler, & J.L. Cherry, 2000. Genetic and phylogenetic conse-quences of island biogeography. Evolution 54: 387-396.

Katili, J.A., 1963. Geologi. Depatemen Urusan Research Nasional Djakarta.

Kitchener, D.J. & I. Maryanto, 1993. Taxonomic reappraisal of Hipposideros larvatus species complex Chiroptera: Hipposideridae) in the Greater and Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Record of The Western Australian Mu-seum 16: 119-174.

Kitchener, D.J. & I. Maryanto, 1994. New species of Melomys (Rodentia, Muridae) from Kai Besar. I. Maluku Tengah, Indonesia. Record of The Western Australian Museum 16: 427-436.

Kitchener, D.J. & I. Maryanto 1995. A New species of Melomys (Rodentia, Muridae) From Yamdena Island, Tanimbar Group, Eastern Indonesia. Record of The Western Australian Museum 17: 43-50.

Kitchener, D.J., N. Cooper, & I. Maryanto, 1995a. The Myotis adversus(Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae) species complex in Eastern Indonesia, Australia, Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands. Record of The West-ern Australian Museum 17: 191-212.

Kitchener, D.J., L.H. Schmitt, P. Strano, A. Wheeler, & A. Suyanto, 1995b. Taxonomy of Rhinolophus simplex Andersen, 1905 (Chiroptera: Rhi-nolophidae) in Nusa Tenggara and Maluku, Indonesia. Record of the Western Australian Museum 17: 1-28.

Kitchener, D.J., 1998. Biological Diversity In Eastern Indonesia Essentially Mammalian Perspective. Procedings of the second international conferern Indonesia-Australian vertebrate fauna. D.M. Prawiradilaga et al (eds). LIPI, Hidupan Liar, FFI, Directorate General of Tourism RI. 1-17.

Kitchener, D.J. Boeadi, L. Charlton & Maharadatunkamsi, 2002. Mamalia Pu-lau Lombok. LIPI-The Gibbon Foundation-PILI.

Kompanje, E.J.O. & C.W. Moeliker, 2001. Some Fruit Bats From Remote Moluccan and West Papua Islands With The Description of a New sub-species of Macroglossus minimus (Megachiroptera: Pteropodidae). Dein-sea 8:143-167.

Laurie, E.M.O. & J.E. Hill, 1954. List of Land Mammals of New Guinea, Cel-ebes and adjacent islands 1758-1952. British Museum, Natural History, London. 4+175.

Lawlor, T.E., 1986. Comparative Biogeography of Mammals on Islands. Bio-logical Journal of the Linnean Society 28: 99-125.

Lomolino, M.V., 2000a. A call for a new paradigm of island biogeography. Global Ecology & Biogeography. Global Ecology & Biogeography 9: 1–6.ell Science, Ltd

Lomolino, M.V., 2000b. A species-based theory of insular zoogeography. Global Ecology & Biogeography 9:39–58.

MacArthur R.H & E.O. Wilson, 1967. The Theory of island biogeography. Monographs in population Biology. Princeton University Press. 224 pp.

Maryanto, I & D.J. Kitchener, 1999. Mammals of Gag Island. Treubia 31:177-219.

Maryanto, I., A.P. Kartono & M.H. Sinaga, 2000. Tikus pada tipe habitat yang berbeda. Berita Biologi 5: 119-123.

Maryanto, I., 2003a. Intra specific variation of the spotted winged fruit bat Balionycteris maculata (Thomas, 1893) (Chiroptera, Pteropodidae) from Sumatra, Indonesia. Treubia 33: 97-105

Maryanto, I., 2003b. Taxonomic status of the rice field rat Rattus argentiventer (Robinson and Klos, 1916) from Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia based on morphological variation. Record of the Western Australian Museum 22: 47-63.

Maryanto, I., A.P. Kartono & M.T. Abdullah, 2003. Diversity, relative abun-dance and conservation of chiroptreran in Kayan Mentarang National Park, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. The Sarawak Museum Journal 58: 251-265.

Maryanto, I. & M. Yani, 2003. The new species of the Rousett bat from Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Mammal Study 28: 111-120.

Maryanto, I., 2004. New sub species Lucas' short nosed fruit bat (Penthetor lucasi) (Chiropttera: Pteropodidae) from Sumatra, Indonesia. Tropical biodiversity 8: 51-62.

Maryanto, I, M. Yani & S.N. Prijono, 2009. Distribution of rats at Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi. Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation 5: 43-52.

Mahirta, K.P. Aplin, D. Bulbeck, W.E. Boles, & P. Belwood, 2004. Pia Hu-dale Rockshelter: A terminal Pleistocene occupation site on Roti Island, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia. In Quartenary Research in Indonesia. Modern Quarternary Research in South East Asia 18: 361-380.

Mitchell A.H., 1981. Report on survey of Pulau Simeulue, Aceh with a pro-posal for Suaka Margasatwa. WWF Bogor.

Miyauchi, N & H. Haruta, 1986. Studies on ejecta from Gallunggung volcano, West Java, Indonesia, referring to its effects on crop growth. Memoirs of the Kagoshima University Research Center for the South Pacific 7: 85-90.

Morley, R.J. & J.R. Flenley, 1987. Late Cainozoic Vegetational Anenviromen-tal Changes in the Malay Archipelago. Biogeographical evolution of the Malay Archipelago (Whitmore, ed) pp 50-59, Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Musser, G.G., 1984. Identities of subfossil rats from caves in southwestern Su-lawesi. Modern Quaternary Research in Southeast Asia 8: 61-94.

Myers, N., R.A. Mittermeier, C.G. Mittermeier, G.A.B. Fonseca, & J. Kent, 2000. Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature 403: 853–858.

Ovadia, O., 2003. Ranking Hotspots of Varying Sizes: a Lesson from the Nonlinearity of the Species-Area Relationship. Conservation Biology 17: 1440–1441.

Shilton, L.A., J.D. Arlington, S.G. Compton, & R.J.

Whittaker, 1999. Old fruit bats can be long-distance seed dispersers through extended retention of viable seed in the gut. Proceedings the Royal Society of London 266: 219-223.

Shimada, T. A.A. Cinen, H.S. Suzuki, A. Suyanto, I. Maryanto, M.H. Sinaga, & K. Aplin, 2005. The Sunda region, a precious world for mammals: an evolutionary perspective based on rodent molecular phylogenies. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Human dimension of tropical peat land under global environmental changes (Iswandi et al editors). Bogor Agricultural University-Hokkaido University-JSPS-LIPI-Palangkaraya University. 241-245.

Suyanto, A., M. Yoneda, I. Maryanto, Maharadatunkamsi & J. Sugardjito 2002. Checklist of the Mammals of Indonesia: Scientific Names and Dis-tribution Area Tables in Indonesia Including CITES, IUCN and Indone-sian Categories for Conservation. LIPI-JICA-PHKA, Bogor. 63 pp.

Taylor, J.M., J.H. Calaby, & H.M. van Deusen, 1982. A revision of the genus Rattus (Rodentia, Muridae) in The New Guinean Region. Bulletin of the American Museum Natural History 173: 177-336.

Tidemann, C.R., D.J. Kitchener, R.A. Zann, & I.W.B. Thorton, 1991. Recolo-nisation of the Krakatau islands and adjacent area of West Java, Indone-sia by bats (Chiroptera) 1883-1986. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 328: 123-130.

Turner. H., P. Hovenkamp, & P.C. van Welzen, 2001. Biogeography of Sou-teast Asia and the West Pacific. Journal of Biogeography 28: 217-230.

van der Zone, A.P.M., 1979. Mammals of Indonesia. FAO Bogor. Enviromental Conservation Management, Bogor, Indonesia.

van Strien, N.J., 1986. Abbreviated checklist of the mammals of the Austral-asian Archipelago. School of Environmental Conservation Management, Bogor, Indonesia. 91 pp.ell Science, Ltd

Ward, S.A. & I.W.B. Thornton, 2000. Colonization, competitive exclusion, dispersal, ecosystem assembly, forest formation, island biogeography, Krakatau Islands, priority effects. Global Ecology & Biogeography 9: 7–18.

Watts, C.H.S & P.R. Baverstock, 1996. Phylogeny and Biogeography of some Indo Australian Murid rodents. Procedingsof the first International Conference on Eastern Indonesia-Australia vertebrate fauna. Manado, Indonesia Nov 22-26, 1994 (ed by DJ. Kitchener and A. Suyanto) PP 47-50. LIPI.

Whitten, A.J, S.J. Damanik, J. Anwar, & N. Hisyam, 1987. The ecology of Sumatra. University of Gajah Mada. 651 pp.

Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds.), 1993. Mammal Species of the World. Insti-tution Press, Washington. 1206 pp.

Copyright (c) 2015 Research Center for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.